Existing research identifies several factors that fuel China`s top, including economic growth, industrial structure, energy intensity, energy mix, technological change, and population growth rate. The reform of the energy system is important as a fundamental condition for China to achieve its CO213 emissions. Continued efforts to boost energy efficiency will prove to be the “Game Change” and will underpin the impact of China`s energy revolution strategy 203014. China`s new development model is the main driver of China`s downward trend in greenhouse gas emissions3. The industrial structure and decarbonisation of the energy system are the two main drivers of emission reductions, followed by lower energy and emission densities11. Rational urbanization is expected to be another key factor.15 Finally, readers should note that frequent changes in energy statistics in the past have created considerable uncertainty about China`s ability to meet its climate change targets.16 The data used in this paper has been validated by the Chinese government`s official think tank, the National Center for Climate Strategy and International Cooperation, to ensure that these are the latest statistics available. As early as 2014, Xi and then-US President Barack Obama reached a surprising agreement on climate change, which became an important part of the Paris Agreement signed in December 2015. This announcement is considered an important step in the fight against climate change. In his speech to the United Nations General Assembly on September 22, 27, 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that China is expanding its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to combat climate change through stronger strategies and measures to achieve carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve climate neutrality by 2060.
The EU and China have a long history of cooperation in the field of climate change and have agreed to further intensify joint efforts. Policies that are most in need of reform. SOE concerns state-owned enterprises. The EU ETS concerns the national emissions trading scheme for the electricity sector. When we gave experts the freedom to list the climate policy that they felt was the most urgent need to reform, some experts introduced new guidelines that are not in the annex and in the dynamic model of the system. The results show that energy sector reform, etS and remuneration for buying renewables are the top three policies to reform There are potential concerns about non-financial interests, since the fifth author is linked to the Chinese government`s official climate change think tank. However, these concerns should not be overstated, given that the design of the research was developed by an independent research institute and substantial changes were made to the original version of the dynamic model of the system, to which the fifth author contributed. The authors do not explain other conflicts of interest. For the production of experts, thirty-six high-level experts on China`s energy and climate policy were invited to complete a written survey and a follow-up interview was offered to all experts. They were chosen because of their ability to understand the overall picture and their ability to answer our policy questions that are relatively important than others. We did not address experts known for a niche topic in China`s climate change policy, such as.B.
experts in transport, building efficiency or reforestation. . . .